Africa review report on drought and desertification

main report

Publisher: United Nations Economic and Social Council in Addis Ababa

Written in English
Published: Pages: 60 Downloads: 900
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Edition Notes

Other titlesDrought and desertification :
StatementUnited Nations Economic and Social Council, Economic Commission for Africa.
ContributionsUnited Nations. Economic Commission for Africa.
The Physical Object
Paginationvi, 60 p. :
Number of Pages60
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16639341M
LC Control Number2008349170

  The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (UNCCD) is a Convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by The UNCCD e-library. Drought, desertification and scarcity of resources have led to heightened conflicts between crop farmers and cattle herders, and weak governance has led to . The second edition of ISDR-Biblio is on Drought, Desertification and Water scarcity. Drought is one of the major threats among natural hazards to . Report of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for the Elaboration of an International Convention to Combat Desertification in those countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, particularly in Africa (hereinafter the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee), First session, 24 May to 3 June,

DESERTIFICATION AND DEFORESTATION IN AFRICA R. Penny Environmental and Developmental Consultant/Practitioner, Cape Town, South Africa Keywords: arid, semi-arid, dry sub-humid, drought, drylands, land degradation, land tenure, sustainability Contents 1. Introduction 2. Global Context 3. Land Degradation in Africa Today File Size: KB.   Kannan, A. () Challenges of Compliance with Multilateral Environmental Agreements: the case of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Africa, Journal of Sustainable Development Studies, 5(2) Kassas, M., () Desertification: A General Review, Journal of Arid Environments, 30(2),   The Sahel region of West Africa is well known as a region of environmental degradation. The reported incidence of desertification has been challenged but persistent and widespread drought is still widely accepted. Drought, defined solely as a function of rainfall, is believed to have commenced in the early s and continued through to the by: Grade 11 notes on Drought and Desertification. Colour coded, easy to follow and understand.

  Tens of millions of people could be driven from their homes by encroaching deserts, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and Central Asia, a report says. The study by the United Nations University suggests climate change is making desertification "the greatest environmental challenge of our times". drought, land degradation and desertification than is Africa, mainly because two thirds of the African continent is desert or drylands, while the remaining land not covered by water is facing serious degradation. 7. It is estimated that over the next 10 years, an additional million young Africans will enter the labour market. The second natural cause of land desertification is draught; and draught is one of the main causes of desertification in Africa. Every year there are draughts. “The Sudano-Sahel region, for instance, has experienced unpredictable and severe drought, the most recent of which lasted almost 20 years” (Lilian Ahianga). The economics of desertification, land degradation, and drought. Toward an integrated global assessment does the attention being paid to drought and its rise in frequency and severity. this study was undertaken to prepare a framework for global assessment of the economics of desertification, land degradation, and drought (E-DLDD). Topics.

Africa review report on drought and desertification Download PDF EPUB FB2

Africa Review Report on DROUGHT AND DESERTIFICATION. Table of Contents desertification and Africa. This review will be conducted taking into account the goals, commitments and targets set out in Age the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21(PFIA21) and theFile Size: KB.

This Africa Review Report on Drought and Desertification was prepared under the overall supervision of the Director of the ECA Food Security and Sustainable Development Division (FSSDD), Josué Dioné, and the guidance of the Chief, Environment and Sustainable Development Section of the Division, Ousmane Laye.

The conference "Combating Desertification with Plants" was held in Beer Sheva, Israel, from November, and was attended by 70 participants from 30 countries and/or international organisations. Desertification - the degradation of soils in drylands - is a phenomenon occurring in scores of countries around the Africa review report on drought and desertification book.

The number of people (in semiarid regions) affected by. Book Description This timely volume presents a synthesis of the ideas that emerged from a multidisciplinary colloquium held at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in August The aim was to assess the impact of drought as a major factor in the agrarian crisis in sub-Saharan by:   The report reviews the progress achieved in the implementation of obligations and objectives at the regional level relevant to the agriculture, rural development, land, drought and desertification topics and assesses the challenges and constraints facing the Arab region in the implementation of those objectives and sheds light on possible.

Desertification: A review of the concept. Michael H. Glantz Environmental and Social Impacts Group National Center for Atmospheric Research* Boulder, COUSA Nicolai Orlovsky Desert Research Institute Turkmen Academy of Sciences Ashkhabad, Turkmen SSR, USSR The following article will appear in the Encyclopedia of Climatology, J.E.

Oliver and R. Fairbridge. Drought and desertification impact directly or indirectly on all aspects of human life and the environment including the ecological, health, geo-chemical. Drought and desertification are twin global environmental problems. Nigeria is faced with rapid desert encroachment affecting fifteen northernmost states from moderate to severe rate.

Out of thekm2 of the country’s land area, aboutkm2 accounting for % of total land is impinge on by desertification. Climatic variability and anthropogenic activities such as Cited by: Combating desertification and drought were discussed by the Commission on Sustainable Development in several sessions.

In the framework of the Commission's multi-year work programme, CSD focused, respectively in andon desertification and drought along with the interrelated issues of Land, Agriculture, Rural development and Africa.

Drought and desertification are closely related phenomena. Persisting over months or years, drought can affect large areas and may have serious environmental, social and economic impacts. While drought is a natural phenomenon, whose impacts can be exacerbated by human activities that are not adapted to the local climate, land degradation is the.

Get this from a library. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries Experiencing Drought, Particularly in Africa, with annexes: report (to accompany Treaty doc. [United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations.].

Droughts have been occurring persistently in southern African dryland regions for over a century. The impacts of droughts on people, their domesticated animals, wildlife, rangelands and cropped lands have been shown to be astronomical.

If left alone the rangelands often recover after the calamity, however human occupation has led to irreversible by:   On this page you can read or download grade 11 geography research droughts and desertification in PDF format.

This initiative is an African response to challenges posed by drought, desertification, land degradation, climate change, and loss of biodiversity. Filesize: 1, KB chemistry abc book project.

Desertification In The Sahel Introduction You read in the chapter on Land Degradation that: Desertification is the degradation of land in arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas.

It is caused primarily by human activities and climatic variations. Desertification does not refer to the expansion of existing deserts. It occurs because dryland. Drought is thought by some to have caused migrations of early humans. In India and China drought has periodically brought widespread privation and death.

In lack of rainfall devastated the Great Plains of the United States; called the Dust Bowl, its area spread to alarming dimensions (about 50 million acres). ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: [1], pages 1 illustration, maps 23 cm: Contents: Some comments on atmospheric pressure variations in the northern hemisphere / H.H Lamb (p.

).African drought and. Water, drought and desertification in Africa 59 Groundwater is replenished by infiltration of rainfall through the soil to the underlying aquifers. Infiltration being scanty and soil water shallow and only temporary, replenishing of aquifers occurs only in favourable places.

Often the response of aquifers lags by several years. Desertification is a type of land degradation in drylands involving loss of biological productivity caused by natural processes or induced by human activities.

It is caused by a variety of factors, such as through climate change (particularly the current global warming) and through the overexploitation of soil through human activity. When deserts appear automatically over the. Recurrence of Drought in Nigeria Causes Effects and - report,1 understanding what drought is and its causes, how it has affected North America in the past, and how drought may affect the United States in the future all bear on actions Congress may take to prepare for and mitigate the effects of drought.

This report discusses why drought occurs in the United States; how drought. The degradation of natural resources at an intense rate creates serious problems in the environmental systems particularly with the compounding effects of climatic vagaries and changes.

On the one hand, desertification is a crucial universal, mostly an anthropogenic environmental issue affecting soils all over the world. On the other hand, drought is a natural Cited by: 3.

Allington G R, Valone T J. Reversal of desertification: The role of physical and chemical soil properties, Journal of Arid Environments ; Barbier, Edward B The economic linkages between rural poverty and land degradation: some evidence from Africa, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol IssuesDecember Other resources.

The Digital Library of Earth Science Education maintains several collections, including the Digital Water Education Library, which can be searched by terms such as "drought," "climate," or "seasonal."Searches can be refined by grade level and other criteria. EduScapes has created a collection of links on drought and drought education.

desertification as the result of a progressive drying of the climate of Africa, a trend that began years ago. On the other hand, Dregne () 'considers deserti.

Interesting message from South Africa. by Michelle Greyvenstein. Good day Mr. van Cotthem, I have been reading up on your blogs on sand dams.

Very very interesting and very much in need in Southern Africa as well. I am looking to make a difference in South Africa and I hope that you will be able to assist me in the execution of my dream and vision of a better future for all in this.

Journal of Arid Environments () Review Desertification in the semi-arid Karoo, South Africa: review and reassessment W. Dean*, M. Hoffman-t, M. Meadows* & S. Milton* ercy Fitzpatrick Institute of AjYican Ornithology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South AJi-ica fNationa1 Botanical Institute, Private Bag, Claremont, South Ajiica Cited by: Desertification is a creeping hazard that can be caused by natural processes, human or animal pressures, or as a secondary hazard associated with drought.

The world’s great deserts came into being long before humans and have grown and shrunk according to natural long-term climatic changes that affect rainfall and groundwater patterns. Africa-Asia Drought Adaptation Forum (June) are now desertification, land degradation and drought.

The joint assessment report says that "in certain regions, human well-being, particularly female adult literacy and child survival, decline in Experiences from the Horn of Africa is a book.

ation is most severe in Africa, where 66% of the total land area is arid or semi-arid. Not only is desertification harmful to the earth and its inhabitants, but it is also expensive – each year, the world loses US$42 billion to desertification and its effects. The causes of desertification are both natural and man-made.

Drought, rain pat-File Size: 2MB. COMBATING DESERTIFICATION AND MITIGATING THE EFFECTS OF DROUGHT IN NIGERIA National Report on the Implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (CCD) For Submission at the Third Session of the Conference of the File Size: KB.

The drought scorched Swaziland, leaving an estimatedpeople in need of aid. Basic food prices remain high at the peak of the lean season. The rainfall forecast is for average to above-normal rains, but household productivity is. Nations will address the thematic cluster on agriculture, rural development, land, drought and desertification and with Africa, this study is submitted to the consideration of the CSD with a view to enhance national and international support for frameworks that promote access to food and water for affected populations, as per decision 2/ Size: KB.Drought and desertification are twin global environmental problems.

Nigeria is faced with rapid desert encroachment affecting fifteen northernmost states from moderate to severe rate. Out of thekm2 of the country's land area, aboutkm2 accounting for % of total land is impinge on by desertification. Climatic variability and anthropogenic activities such as Cited by:   Drought and Desertification (Google / UN-ACSD-5) Read at: Google Alert – desertification.

Africa Review Report on Drought and Desertification. United Nations Econiomic and Social Council. eca_bg3. ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA Fifth Meeting of the Africa Committee on.